Situation in Brief

Mongolia’s population is scattered widely, which creates challenges for service delivery and is one of the reasons for the country’s low reported CSR. With WHO and IAPB support, a workshop was held in April 2012 to develop a 5-year national plan for blindness prevention. Key issues for Mongolia include: affordability of cataract services to the poor, and a shortage of eye care services – especially for cataract – in provinces outside Ulaan Baatar. More sub-specialty eye care services are required in tertiary government hospitals to address glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Refractive services need to be expanded in the government system. A monitoring system for cataract surgery has been recently initiated. The country has a high prevalence of glaucoma, with much activity to raise awareness and ensure early detection. Optical shops are common in the capital, but optometric services are rare in rural areas. Primary eye care training is delivered nationwide. There is an adequate number of trained ophthalmologists, so workforce development is now focused on improving quality and nurturing sub-specialists.

Country Statistics

Indicator Value
Population: 2,796,000
Human development index value: 0.698
National Prevention of Blindness Committee active: Yes
National Eye Health Plan Developed: Operational 2013-2017
Cataract surgical rate: 926
Number of ophthalmologists: 150
Blindness prevalence: 0.5% (1.8% of people over 50)
Main causes of blindness: Cataract, glaucoma, refractive error
Total expenditure on health as percentage of total government expenditure: 8.4
Diabetes prevalence: 7.5%
Improved drinking water coverage: 85%
Improved sanitation coverage: 56%
Endemic areas for trachoma: Unknown